Regional Folklores of Pakistan In The Perspective of Sufi Poetry and Its Role For Peace and Integrity

  • Dr. Farhat Naz Rahman
  • Dr. Kiran Sami

Abstract

<p align="justify">Regional folklores of Pakistan like other folklores around the
globe encompass poetry, songs, sonnets, tales, legends, myths,
traditions, customs and proverbs. Being limitless and denying
boundaries they link regions to regions, provinces to provinces and
countries to countries. They develop integrity and help making the
people of Pakistan as one nation. Sufi practices all over the
country shape a strong and significant indigenous force to unite.
Along with other factors religion is an influential factor construing
the identity of Pakistanis as a nation. Fortunately, Sufism has a
firm religious basis. Additionally, its indignity has global links
spreading from the sacred centers of Mecca and Medina in Saudi
Arabia through Central Asia to the provinces of Pakistan and
further spreading deep into the heart and outskirts of the
subcontinent. From Baghdad in Iraq and Konia in Turkey to
Lahore in Pakistan and Delhi in India and to the remote parts of
South Asia with the purest religious spirit the great Muslim saints
put interlinked efforts to preach religion, humanity and conscience.
It is peculiar that their expositions whether in prose, poetry or
speech made extensive use of folklores. As mentioned earlier
poetry, songs, sonnets, tales, legends, myths, traditions, customs and proverbs all were the tools of their expositions. All great saints
took poetry as a basic source of their expositions. From Rumi in
Konia to Amir Khusru in Delhi poetry sparkles to expose sincerity
of their devotion to Islam, Allah (God) and the last Prophet (SAW).
Most of such poetry is uplifting and hope-giving rather than
dejection and gloom.
Sufism has been a part of the fabric of life in the region comprising
Pakistan for centuries. It is a symbol of peace in a country like
Pakistan caught in deadly crossfire of controversial ideological
and political controversies.
This study explores the use of folklores in the poetry of some of the
Sufi poets and also of that part of the poetry of such poets that is
now itself the folklore. Four Sufi poets one from each province of
Pakistan and their mystic poetry is considered and analyzed for the
purpose. The poets selected are Sachal Sarmast, Baba Buleh Shah,
Rahman Baba and Mast Tawakali. The focus of the study is the
literary legacy of these poets and mention of ritual practices and
the folklore in their poetry. It is well known that the basic
perception of their poetry is love. They themselves were manyfaceted
people indeed — humanists and preachers of peace,
harmony and tranquility. The rhymes of these great Sufi poets are
immersed in love, empathy and forbearance and are the reverse
manifestation of the world view of the people of Pakistan.
It will be useful to view this broad pool of resources to be active
for exposing Islamic thoughts through Sufi methods to invoke a
positive wave to create integrity in the ocean of current conflicting
cultural and political scenario of Pakistan.

Published
2019-10-09