Patriarch Society and Struggle of Female Characters in A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khalid Hosseini

  • Mr. Yaseen Pyar Ali


This paper evaluates the position of women in a patriarch society as depicted by Khalid Hosseini in A Thousand Splendid Suns (2007). The paper unfolds various stereotypes of a patriarchal society and social constructionism as means of exploitation, discrimination, extermination, suppression, oppression, marginalization, dislocation and sabotage of female characters in the novel. The paper applies Textual Analysis Method and Close Reading Method to evaluate the selected work from feminist perspective. The paper studies the female characters, Mariam and Laila, in context with the social, political, biological and religious discrimination faced in a patriarch society of Afghanistan. Furthermore, this study aims to analyze the biological differences cherished in a patriarch society making women powerless, subaltern, undermined, irrational, emotional and innate inferior; while men projected as powerful, dominant, privileged, rational, sensible, and innate superior in context with the selected work. The psychological oppression as a result of atrocities on women in patriarch society of Afghanistan would be highlighted through the female characters in the novel. The paper also exposes the significant position of female characters and their struggle and endeavor against the patriarchal society. The paper would be a meaningful study of female characters’ struggle for freedom and equality as a firm stand against patriarch society and gender discrimination as depicted in the selected work.