The Effectiveness of ‘How People Learn’ (Hpl) Framework VIA the Star (Software Technology For Action and Reflection) Legacy Cycle of Learning: A Case Study of Undergraduate Students at Institute of English Language and Literature, University of Sindh, Jam
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Innovative Skills, Designing and Implementing, Challenge–Based Learning, Effectiveness, Learning Outcomes.


The study intends to bring about reforms in syllabus design by aiming to influence students‟ learning on a more interactive and student centered level. In this regard, the „How People Learn‟ (HPL) Framework of learning has been found quite effective in terms of generating productive learning outcomes. The HPL Framework based on the principles of „learner centeredness‟, „knowledge centeredness‟, „assessment centeredness‟ and „community centeredness,‟ emphasizes learners‟ high learning achievements. Since many instructors find it difficult to balance all four of the HPL lenses, therefore, knowledge centered learning environment was designed through STAR (Software Technology for Action and Reflection) Legacy Cycle. This framework was applied via the STAR Legacy Cycle on 20 students of undergraduate level at Institute of English Language and Literature, University of Sindh. The objective of this study was to discover the effectiveness of HPL framework within the STAR Legacy Cycle to facilitate and maximize learning. In addition, it aimed at providing learners with rich and interesting content, problem -solving situation, challenging tasks, innovation in pedagogical practices, etc. The researchers used open– ended questionnaires, semi–structured interviews and four observations to see the outcomes of the study. Some challenge –based lessons were planned and implemented in the class following HPL Framework. Based on the findings, it was observed that the study proved to be helpful in terms of adding value in promoting students‟ innovative skills.

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