Impact of Devolution on Education in Pakistan in the Light of 18th Amendment: A Review Article

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Ms. Sohni Siddiqui
Zahid Ahmed
Dr. Aneeta Memon


This article is reviewed to highlight the consequences of the 18th Amendment in the Educational Sector from multiple perspectives. The purpose of decentralization and 18th Amendment is to improve the quality of education, better learning outcomes through increased efficacy and accountability in the field of education. Advocates of the 18th Amendment believe that this policy highlights the significance of access to information and education to every citizen of Pakistan. Furthermore, these sort of alterations infer essential modifications in the values that pertain to a relationship among pupils, parents to schools, and the affiliation of the community with the central government, and the vital sense and rationale for public education. However, critics pointed out that Policies, objectives and decisions if made at a central level many problems arise especially in terms of accountability and sharing responsibility. Researchers conclude that the impact of devolution has given different effects (positive and negative both) and devolution is practical in the lower level of education (Primary and Secondary) but devolution at Higher Education Levels and its governing bodies like Higher Education Commission is not an advisable approach.

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