Appraisal of Management Practices for Sheep and Goat at District Shaheed Benazirabad
The objective of the present study was, small ruminant farmer in the rural Sindh is not getting proper income due to farming on conventional methods and lack of awareness of livestock production techniques. Low profitability at farmers level may be attributed to poor flock management. Considering the significance of milk and mutton production from the small ruminant, the studies were carried out on the appraisal of traditional management practices for sheep and goat farming at in Shaheed Benazirabad. The present investigation indicated that nearly 40% of the small ruminant production farmers were uneducated. The farmers were of the middle age groups having plenty of rearing experience. Mostly landless people are involved in the goat/sheep farming. The farmers mainly reported occurrence of bacterial, viral, nutritional and managemental diseases in their flocks. The flock size was ranges from 25-50 to above 100 animals at different farms. Nearly, 60% of farmers earned 5 lack annual income from their small ruminant production. Majority of the goat/sheep producers (85%) maintained their flocks on grazing and 15% disclosed their animals do not depend on grazing. Wheat and concentrate, gram and concentrate and cotton seed cake were the common feed materials given to goat/sheep flocks by the herders. Lucern and Berseem were the major green fodder preferred by goat/sheep producers. Jan-April is the breeding period reported by owners. Majority of the herders use ethno-veterinary treatment either allopathic veterinary treatment is expensive and do not contact any veterinary doctor for treatment of their sick animals.
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