Factor Analysis of Biometric Traits of Marecha Camel in Pakistan
Camel is a vital food and draft source for nomads and pastoralists. The present research was conducted to measure different biometric traits and find the relationship among these traits in the Marecha camel breed in Punjab, Pakistan. A total of twenty-five (25) biometric traits were measured and recorded on animals maintained at Camel breeding & Research Station, Rakh mahni, District Bhakkar, in Punjab province, Pakistan. All the measurements were statistically analyzed for mean, coefficient of variation, and correlation coefficient. The correlation matrix was extracted from PCA with this information. It was explained that Height at wither was found as the chief gauge for breed type, primarily used in EAAP and suggested procedure of FAO. Body conformation of the Marecha camel breed was expressed by seven and five extracted factors (respectively for female and male) which shared their part in variability. These factors symbolize the body of a camel. The estimated communalities showed that testicular length and diameter, size of the teat, length of head, length and width of the ear, and Height of hump are not having a significant role in the conformation of the Marecha camel breed body. While the other traits mentioned are responsible for the expression of body conformation and inset positive effect in terms of body size and dimensions. Body structure explanation can be assessed by biometry. Morphometric qualities can describe the rate of increase in various animals. The body size had been used to describe a specific breed and its origin.
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