Evaluating the Shelf Life of APIS MELLIFERA Honey Collected in South Punjab, Pakistan
The study aimed to assess the shelf life of multi-floral honey collected from the southern region of Punjab Province, Pakistan, over 12 months. Fifty honey samples were analyzed for various physiochemical parameters every four months at room temperature. Initial values included pH, free acidity, electrical conductivity, diastase number, invertase number, HMF, proline content, fructose, glucose, and sucrose percentages. After 12 months, the pH, free acidity, electrical conductivity, diastase, invertase, glucose, and fructose values decreased, while HMF content, proline content, and sucrose percentage increased. These findings suggest that honey composition changes during storage, shortening its shelf life. Fresh A. mellifera honey is recommended for consumption within 6 to 8 months to maintain its quality.
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