Female Circumcision/FGM: A Discussion in the Light of Religious and Ethical Perspective with Reference to the Novel Princess Trilogy by Jean Sasson

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Najia Almas
Muhammad Khan Sangi
Nosheen Zaheer


Female Genital mutilation, widely known as female circumcision is performed primarily in Arab, African Muslim dominating countries, claiming that this procedure is Islamic. Furthermore, this procedure involves the removal of unnecessarily, the healthy female genital organs that not religious neither bear any medical value. This paper explores the long - and short-term after effects of FGM on the victims/characters of the biographical novels Princess Trilogy, explaining that sometimes medical science cannot help in improving the gynae issues these victims face due to their mutilated genitals. Furthermore, this paper also explores the psychological impact of forceful FGM, widely called circumcision over the survivors of FGM, discussed in Princess Trilogy. The study comes up with suggestions that prohibiting the unethical, non-religious, ill and fatal customary ritual to save women from deadly health complications.

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