Study on the Impact of Fasting Observance during Ramadan on the Physical and Mental Health of University Faculty- A Perspective towards Cohesive Bond and Occupational Stress
Fasting is a devout practice, obligatory for Muslims during the holy month of Ramadan. Abstinence from eatables brings many hale and hearty outcomes; at the same time, brings few health challenges, particularly to those, who are dealing with occupational stress. The current study is undertaken to find the impact of fasting on the health of university teachers. Qualitative research methodology is adopted. Phenomenological method is selected to investigate the challenges and prospects of fasting among university teachers. Total sample size n=30 from four different universities is selected through snow ball sampling approach. Data is collected through structured Interview. For ethical consideration, consent is taken from all the participants. Results revealed that majority of the teachers face issues of low blood pressure, heartburn, constipation, faintness, and xerostomia due to poor diet, whereas, fasting positively control temperament, weight loss and improve mental health among greater part of respondents. Several suggestions are incorporated at the end of the paper to supplement research findings.