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South Asia is a region of eight states if we include Afghanistan in the mixture. India and Pakistan are known as the major state of the region, the remaining states are Maldives, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. China is a neighbor of Pakistan, India, Bhutan, Nepal, and Afghanistan. As a neighboring country of Nepal, Bhutan, India, and Pakistan. Thereby China is an integral part of the region and regional power politics of South Asia. China already has a bilateral cooperative relationship with Pakistan. Whereas, India and China have a bilateral trade relationship. Both India and China also have border issues. The relationship of China with small states of South Asia is a vast field of research. This research addresses two main questions. First, how China is dealing with the smaller states of the region. Second, How China engages the Smaller South Asian states to counter the traditional security threat in the region after 9/11? For this purpose, explanatory and case study research was used for this research. These research methods are part of qualitative research. Secondary data such as; books, research articles, newspapers, and websites are the main source of this article.