Evaluation of some Essential and Toxic Metals in farmed Ctenopharyngodonidella in relation to Body Size and Condition Factor

  • M. NAEEM
  • S. MASUD
Keywords: Ctenopharyngodon idella, Metal concentration, Regression analysis, Fish size


Basic aim of this research was to determine levels of some metals (Ca, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Ni, Na, Pb Zn) and their relationships to body size and condition factor in the whole body of Ctenopharyngodon idella (Grass carp). Concentrations of these elements were assessed in 55 fish samples of different size, randomly collected in January, 2015, from a private fish farm by ICP-OES after wet digestion method. Results of the study showed that analyzed elements were found within normal ranges. Ca, Cu, Fe, K, Mn, Na and Zn had highly significant relationships with fish size. Cd, Pb, Cu, K, Mn, Ni, Na, increased isometrically while Cr, Co, Zn, had negative allometric relationship and Fe and Ca showed positive allometric relationship with rise in weight of C. idella. Moreover, Ni, Mn, Pb and Cd represented isometric increase whereas Na, K, Zn, Fe and Ca had positive allometry; and Co, Cu, Cr had negative allometry with increase in total length of the fish. Most of inter-elemental relationships showed. Multiple regressions analyses showed positive correlation for Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Pb, Na, K, Ca and Ni had highly significant relations with total length and body weight.