Frequency of Different Types of Diabetes in Patients Attending Isra University Welfare Hospital Urban Rural Comparrision. Sindh Pakistan

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S. Q. SHAH
A. R. ABBASI
A. H. LANJWANI
B. K. MAHESHWARY
A. BIBI

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a syndrome due to metabolic disordered and inappropriate hyperglycemia. It is due to total or relative deficiency of the insulin. The diabetes is a major global health problem and leading causes of disability and death in most developed countries. It was a cross sectional study conducted in the month of August 2019.The pre tested questionnaire was filled and the findings were recorded. A total of 166 patients visited the clinic during the period from 1st to 31st of August 2019. Of these 62.65% belonged to urban and 37.35% to rural areas. Among the urban patients 28 % were male and 72% females while the percentage of male and female among rural patients were 35% & 65% respectively. The patients belonged to various age groups with about 46% in age group 50 to 69 years and about 39% in the age group of 30 to 49 years. The most frequent and predominant type of diabetes in both urban and rural patients was type 2 diabetes (95.78%). The incidence of type 1 diabetes was 1.8% and that of gestational diabetes 2.4%. There was no difference in the mean age, mean BMI, Socioeconomics status, family history, level of physical activity, dietary habits and literacy rate among rural and urban population. It is concluded that diabetes type II is the most frequent type of diabetes in both urban areas and rural areas is more common in females of urban area and incidence increases with age. Finally it is concluded that diabetes is more recurrent urban areas as compared to rural areas. The incidence is more in females than in males. Frequency increases with increasing age. The predominant type of diabetes in both rural and urban areas is type II diabetes mellitus.

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