Gender Stereotype and Gender-based Socialisation: An Early Age Development of Habitus and its Transformation in Bapsi Sidhwa’s Ice Candy Man and Water

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Ume Kulsoom Rind
Dr. Ambreen Shahriar
Dr. Muhammad Khan Sangi


This study aims at exploring the practise of gender-basedsocialisation of girls for stereotypes in two of Bapsi Sidhwa’s novels “Ice Candy Man” and “Water” through Pierre Bourdieu’s notion of habitus (Bourdieu, 1988; 1992). This notion is adopted to analyse the role of habitus in formation of early age socialisation for gender-based stereotypes. The study is carried out by following the method of textual analysis and close reading of both the novels. The findings of the study can be seen in two ways. First, girls are trained for stereotypes in the very early age. For this, their parents, family, society and culture play an important role. The practise of different roles for men and women in societal order enhance these stereotypes associated with one’s gender. Agents are socialised for certain practises according to their gender i.e. girls are trained at an early for married life, by feeding sweetened speculation in their minds. They are taught their womanly roles i.e. being domestic, doing household chores, being submissive, which due to their consecutive practise and internalisation becomes part of their habitus. Secondly, the study finds out that certain time agents transform and change their habitus even the field promotes stereotypical behaviours. Sidhwa has presented the women who try to break their structured and socialisedhabitus according to their approach and activate their habitus according to their logic of practise.

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