Awakening into Selfhood: Feminine Oppression, Self-Discovery, and Illusive Freedom in “The Story of an Hour” by Kate Chopin

Main Article Content

Imdad Ullah Khan
Syed Mujeebullah Shah
Afaqullah Khan


This article provides a comprehensive analysis of Kate Chopin's short story, "The Story of an Hour," from a feminist perspective. By examining the ideas and thoughts prevalent in the late 19th century, it seeks to understand how Chopin critiques oppressive social institutions and their impact on women's selfhood. Using close textual reading, the article explores how Chopin's use of characterization, imagery, and symbolism depicts Louise's inner conflict and emotional journey toward self-discovery and freedom. The motif of confinement and freedom is used to contrast Louise's experiences of being oppressed by societal norms and loveless marriage with her brief moment of liberation and freedom upon hearing of her husband's passing. The irony of the ending, in which Louise dies of shock upon seeing her husband alive, highlights the theme of how social structures can restrict women's lives. This analysis seeks to understand the significance of approaching literature from a feminist perspective and the various ways in which literary works can critique oppression and social imbalances, and the impact these have on an individual's freedom of choice and happiness. The study further examines how Chopin's characters' experiences of oppression and confinement create an internal conflict between social obligations and the desire for true freedom. Through an in-depth examination of Chopin's work, including characterization, diction, imagery, and symbols, this study aims to analyze the author's message regarding the consequences of oppressive social institutions on women's lives.

Article Details

Author Biographies

Imdad Ullah Khan, Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan.



Syed Mujeebullah Shah, Graduate Department of English, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan



Afaqullah Khan, Graduate Department of English, University of Swat, KP, Pakistan