CHALLENGES FACED BY LEARNERS IN ESL: A CASE STUDY OF INSTITUTE OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE, UNIVERSITY OF SINDH, JAMSHORO, PAKISTAN
This paper investigates the challenges faced by the ESL learners of Institute of English Language and Literature (IELL), University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan. Poised on the qualitative methodology and using a semi-structured interview as the data collection method, the findings reveal detailed factors contributing as the potential obstacles in the learning process of 1st and 2nd years graduate students in ESL classrooms. These factors ranged from teachers’ attitude, pedagogical practices, monotonous and irrelevant syllabus, teaching approach, de-motivation, lack of confidence due to the linguistic competence and their previous learning process etc. The learners reported that due to these factors learners encounter the anxiety in the ESL classrooms which hinder their academic progress and cognitive development.