The Prevalence of Sports Related Knee Joint Injuries among Students of Physical Education
Background: carrying out vigorous exercises facilitate physical education students and athletes to improve physical fitness components. However, overuse fatigue and lack of rest may result in sports-related injuries which lead to momentary or lasting damage. Objectives: The objective of the present study was to observe the incidence of knee injuries resulting from sports activities among physical education students. Methods: It was a descriptive (an observational study in relation to variables e.g. person place time) and retrospective study (looks backward and examines exposure to suspected risks or protection factors in relation to an outcome that established at the start of the study). All the students of BS-PEHSS first year now in the third year 2016-1018 were included in this study. Data were analyzed by using Excel and SPSS version 22 at a significant level of P ≤ 0.05. Results: The most frequent injuries were observed in the lower limbs 73.3% out of which knee joint (36.7%), ankle joint (28,7%). Among knee injuries, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries (36.3%) and menisci injuries (18.2%) were most prevalent. Other Ligaments (MCLand LCL),27.2% Conclusions: The frequency of sports-related injuries in lower limbs was higher than the upper limbs. The most frequent was knee joint injuries.The prevalence of Ligament injury is more among the students of physical education. Regarding the ligament injuries, the most common occurrence was that of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. The majority of knee injuries in the present study were observed in the dominant (right) leg that can be prevented through suitable fitness training and thigh muscle strength of both quadriceps and hamstring muscles for balancing antagonists and agonists (synergist) muscles.