The Affiliation between Athlete’s Physiological and Anthropometrical Parameters and Its Role in Performance of Male Badminton Competitors
The crucial apprehension of high level of performance in sports is the final performance whether it is during training or sports competition. The ultimate result relies on intricacy of factors. Level of performance can be improved if the physical educationist and coaches more inclusively understand the anatomy and working of skeletal muscles. It can be examined by reviewing the size; shape and form of athlete‟s body and for this rationale, a series of preferred anthropometric dimensions and physiological parameters of athletes are measured. The affiliation among any two parameters can play a helpful role in performance. Several aspects are responsible for the performance of badminton players. Basic skills of badminton such as various types of serves, loops and lobs, smashing and blocking, involves a particular type of physique having specific proportions with specified provisional capabilities, observed in physiological variables for instance vital capacities, heart rate, blood pressure and breathing frequency at rest. The aim of this study is to evaluate the measurements and proportions of the human body (anthropometry) and physiological diversities in various degrees performance among male badminton players belonging to District Hyderabad Sindh. Every now and then Physical Educators and trainers are involved with team assortment plus the coaching and scientific training of athletes for competitions. Their job requires a relevant understanding of the sport concerned and in addition to the techniques and strategy concerning that game and an insight of the anthropometrical and physiological differences which materialize the basis of good techniques and tactics. The study will be of significance in tendering awareness in the domain of Badminton. For present study National and all Pakistan Intervarsity level players were considered as High level competitors while District, Region and Collegiate level Players were considered as Low level competitors A total of 20 subjects (10 from each category that is high & low level Badminton competitors) were selected randomly. Anthropometrical measures, body Indices and physiological considera-tions such as blood pressure, vital capacity, heart rate and resting breathing frequency were measured to evaluate the study variables.Present research observed that top level badminton competitors were greater than bottom level badminton competitors in mass, forearm, leg and foot length, biceps and calf muscle girth, vital capacity and mesomorphy whereas bottom level badminton competitors were bigger in lengthwise measurement of hand, shoulder girth, hip girth, biceps skin fold, heart rate, diastolic and systolic blood pressure, breathing frequency at rest, sitting height - height index, thigh, lower and upper leg length indices, upper and lower arm length indices, hip width - stature, shoulder width - statue and hand length-wrist width indices, whereas in rest of the variables, the differences were insignificant.