Comparative Study of the Institutional Barriers in Sports Promotion at Secondary Schools Level in Khyber Pakhtunkhawa
The topic under study was “Institutional barriers in Sports promotion at Secondary Schools Level in the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Pakistan”. The main objective of the study was to know the effect of institutional hindrances on sports activities at secondary school level. The study was conducted in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Pakistan. The population for this particular study was the parents, teachers and HOI (head of the institution). Two sampling techniques were used for the purpose of selecting sample from the whole population, which were Cluster or Area sampling and Available sampling techniques. For the purpose of data collection a Likert type of questionnaire was used as a tool. The following hypotheses were tested through appropriate statistical techniques i.e. (1) there is no significant effect of institutional hindrances on sports in secondary schools of KPK (2) There is no significant difference between the views of male and female respondents on institutional hindrances (3) There is no significant difference among the views of respondents, category-wise (teacher, parents and HOI) (4) There is no significant difference between the respondents having different qualification (Illiterate, SSC, Graduate and Master and above) (5) There is no significant difference among the views of respondents, location-wise (Eleven Districts). For the purpose to analyze the collected data Test, regression, and analysis of variance were used as statistical tools. After all the above process the researcher reached to the conclusion that there is a significant effect of the institutional hindrances on sports in secondary schools in the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhawa Pakistan.