Determinants of Burnout Among Athletes: A Gender Analysis

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Sumara Iqbal
Syed Muhammad Bilal Gillani
Syed Ihtisham Ahmed


Background: According to literature Inconsistent finding in relation of gender and burnout relationship exist. Few researches have shown that female possess high level of burnout than male. Instead of that others have evidenced that men possess higher burnout level than female. (Adekola, 2010; Caccese Dyrbye, et al., 2011, Mayerberg, 2010Sirin, Y. & Dosyilmaz, E. 2017).

Objective: The objective of this study was to identify and investigate the relationship of the determinants of burnout on athletic performance as well as to analyze effects of burnout on the performance of male and female athletes, the gender difference.

Methodology: Comparative research design was used for this study which was based on survey methodology. The population of the study was consisted of the public sector universities of Lahore division. As a sample of the study 120 participants were selected from four public sector universities by using stratified random sampling technique. The sample was consisted of 60 male participants and 60 female participants. The respondents belong to four different games i.e., Basketball, Volley ball, Badminton, and Football. The data was collected by the use of two tools (MBI Questionnaire and Self-rating performance scale).  In order to measure the level of burnout, effects of burnout and to make a comparison between male and female all participants were asked to fill a questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 21.

Results: The current study revealed that there is a moderate negative impact of burnout on the performance of the athletes of various public sector universities of Lahore Division. The Pearson correlation values in first, second and third dimensions are -0.897, -0.900 and -0.905 respectively which indicates their negative relation with performance of the athletes. Linear Regression for Gender analysis indicates that the mean scores of female respondents in first, second and third dimensions are 3.31, 3.39 and 3.30 are (<) greater than the mean scores of male respondents3.22, 3.31, 3.26 respectively.

Conclusion: It is concluded that there is negative impact of burnout on the performance of athletes. Female athletes have more prone to burnout that causes the reduction in their performance as compare to male counterparts.

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