Indus River Water Management and Water Conflicts among Provinces: A Political Analysis

  • Noor Hussain Chandio
  • Ms Bisma Samo
  • Dr. Muhammad Jewed Iqbal


Water scarcity is a big challenge, being faced by Sindh province since long period. It affects not only agriculture of Sindh but also puts its economy down. The mismanagement of water among provinces creates conflicts with each other. With poor economy and low GDP, country could not meet their International development Target (IDT). Agriculture is a major pillar of the economy of Pakistan. The Indus River System (IRS) is the only source of agriculture for all provinces of the country. There is a controversy between provinces of Pakistan, upon the equitable sharing of river water. Currently, Indus delta is facing multiple threats which cause ecological disaster and famine situation in some places. Construction of different projects on river Indus such as, barrages, dams and link canals are highly responsible for the reducing flow of fresh water in the River. Development of canal command system, water storage, barrages & head works for the development of irrigation network, flood water control and hydropower generation has badly affected Sindh province. Indus Delta was growing at rate 34.4 mly due to dominant fluvial processes but current situation has been adverse and water flow of the river has been reduced to negligible level. In order to solve these problems substantial measures are required to be taken from all stakeholders of the country.