PREVALENCE OF DEPRESSION AND CORRELATION BETWEEN FACTORS OF DEPRESSION IN TRAINEE LADY HEALTH VISITORS OF PAKISTAN: USING BDI-II

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Nausheen Shahzad
Dr Anjum Ara

Abstract

Trainee lady health visitors in Pakistan have extensive problems in their daily fieldwork: sexual harassment, character calling, rude behavior of people, irregular wages and life-threatening situations (Diwan, 2013). TLHVs experience vulnerability and harassment by religious fundamentalists (Naqvi & Khan, 2005). Their gender, age, socioeconomic background and unhealthy patterns of Pakistan’s patriarchal society add more stress (Tabassum, 2016). Stress may cause depression therefore this study is conducted to explore the prevalence of depression in TLHVs of Karachi, Pakistan and to find the correlation of depression with somatic/affective factor and cognitive factor of depression by using Beck Depression Inventory-II based on descriptive and correlational design. The results indicate the prevalence of moderate depression among TLHVs, further it indicates stronger positive correlation between depression and somatic/affective factors of depression than cognitive factors of depression.

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