FARMERS’ ENGAGEMENTIN WATER GOVERNANCE UNDER PARTICIPATORY AND NON-PARTICIPATORY IRRIGATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

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Muhammad Ali
Dr Rafiq A. Chandio

Abstract

Irrigation reforms in Pakistan focused on participatory irrigation management (PIM) to include stakeholders in decision-making to effectively manage the system. Currently, two governance systems are in place in Pakistan. The irrigation department controls one and the other by PIM after adapting the irrigation reforms around twenty years back. This study has focused on comparative analysis of the users’ experiences in both systems about governance in Sindh province of Pakistan by using good governance principles. The study used multistage cluster sampling technique and quota-based technique to select sample size for primary data collection. Four distributaries with location and PIM and non-PIM attributes were selected. A 5-scale Likert survey questionnaire was designed to find user experiences. To analyze the data and compare the performance of different systems, Kruskal-Wallis-H-Test and Post-Hoc-Mann-Whitney-U-Test were employed. Results show that both irrigation systems are not ideally working according to principles of good governance. PIM needs to abide and follow the established principles and practices to reap the benefits of the participatory system to contribute in the better governance and management of irrigation system.

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