Main Article Content
To control prevalent aggression in the Pakistan’s society, for the identification of disruptive behavior and for designing evidence-based interventions, authors Author 1, Author 2 and Author 3 (2020) developed Urdu Aggression Questionnaire. However, the sample used for the development of the tool was taken randomly, without identifying the extent of understanding of Urdu Language for people not using Urdu as the usual mode of expression. The prime objective of the current study is to revalidate the newly developed Urdu Aggression Questionnaire, from a population where Urdu is not practiced as the mother tongue and/or personal or professional language for communication. Data is collected by using random sampling technique and once again confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis done using SPSS and AMOS. Sample characteristics have shown that 40% of the participants were not using Urdu as a mother tongue and 71% of the sample were not using Urdu as their professional language. Psychometric analysis has once again revalidated the tool and it shows that the tool can be used to measure aggression in different contexts and in multiple settings even with the population where Urdu is not regularly used for communication. In addition, the influence of age and sexual category on different forms of aggression explored with the help of Pearson’s Correlation and Independent Sample t-test. In the current study, male participants are found higher in the direct and indirect forms of aggression, however, age has no significant impact on any form of aggression. It is recommended that the newly developed tool should be translated into regional languages to investigate extent of aggression in remote areas of Pakistan.
The Editor and the Sub-Editor share no responsibility regarding the views and opinions expressed by the authors. Articles published in the Biannual Research Journal Grassroots can be quoted or reproduced after acknowledgment.