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Gender equality has been one of the most important issues throughout the world. All governments throughout the world are pressurized by the human rights based national and international organizations to ensure the human rights and gender equality in all walks of life. This research paper attempts to present the social, economic and political situation of Japanese women and also their concerns regarding marital and career matters. The Japanese society is very much traditional and Japanese family’s philosophy is based on the principles of Confucian “loyalty and obedience”. The Japanese society originally derived from Chinese heritage; hence they value the group over the individual. Sharing of family matters outside is considered cultural shame and defame. This paper also puts a light on the initiatives and policies taken by the Japanese government for the betterment and equal rights of women in the society.