Official Development Assistance (ODA) and Japan's International Role

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Imrana Gul


After World War 2, Japan was an aid recipient for a long time. American aid programs such as Government and relief in Occupied Areas (GARIOA), and Economic Rehabilitation in Occupied Areas (EROA) provided essential emergency assistance and played an important role in helping Japan recover from the confusion and devastation of the immediate post war period. The total amount of GARIOA and EROA aid over the six-year period "between" 1946 to 1951 was two billion dollars, a huge sum in those days. Thereafter capital was introduced from the World Bank (WB) and U.S. Export-Import Bank as well as from private foreign Banks

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