Terrorism: Japan's Experience from Radical Left to New Breed of Violent Right

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Lutfullah Mangi


The terrorists who are at war with society prefer force to argument in pursuit of their political, religious or magical goals. The terrorists argue that there is no alternative course of action since governments disregard or refuse to tackle issues like injustice and inequalities in the society. The "ramifications of terrorism transcend" national boundaries as in case of terrorist attacks against U.S. embassy in Kenya and retaliatory missile attacks against Sudan and Osama bin Ladin's hideouts in Afghanistan in 1998. The menace of terrorism is spreading like some modern plague and posses a serious threat to international security and democracy. The urban guerrilla warfare which appeared in shape on bombing city centres, kidnapping ambassadors and businessmen and hijacking aircraft is at least the beginning of the late 1960s and the early 1970s. The urban guerrilla warfare or terrorism cannot be equated with rural guerrilla warfare. Unlike terrorism, the control of territory is important in rural guerrilla warfare.

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