Ageing Population in Indonesia and Pakistan: Lessons to Be Learned and Challenges to Be Faced

  • Dr. Naima Tabassum
  • Tabassum Afzal
  • Huma Tabassum
Keywords: Pakistan, Indonesia, Ageing, Elderly, Challenges of ageing.


This paper is aimed to highlight the emerging problem of ageing in Pakistan and Indonesia, its future implications and the measures these countries are taking to address the issues and challenges of elderly citizens. The paper discusses in detail the different measures Pakistani and Indonesia governments are taking to facilitate the elderly citizen in terms of their health, day care, finances, and social engagements. Presently, Indonesia and Pakistan are having larger strata of young population. But if this youth is not properly utilized through appropriate policies and planning for socio-economic development, soon in coming decades this large strata of young population will start growing older. This will result in a burden of more elderly people on society and economy at the same time with less number of people in working age group to boost the economy. The paper highlights the need for preparedness for these countries to address the issue of ageing that is expected to become more critical in coming decades.