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Muhammad Nadeem Mirza
Farrukh Zaman Khan


Relative decline of the United States, rise of the rest, challenges posed by the non-state actors, proliferating violent crises in different regions, unstoppable environmental degradation, and the unabated growth of the populist tendencies are few of the issues transpiring at the system level. This paper tries to dissect this transformation, while also highlighting that how and why is China trying and willing to take on the leading role in the regional and international milieu. How does China view the world and what is the Chines image of the world order? The study elaborates Neo-Confucianism and Tianxia (All under Heaven) systems in order to enlarge upon the Chinese view of the world.

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Author Biography

Muhammad Nadeem Mirza, School of Politics & International Relations, Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad

Quaid-I-Azam University, Islamabad


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