Main Article Content
This study aims to explore the attitudes and perception of people and their intention to use the electric cars based on its cost, usefulness, satisfaction, enjoyment, ease of use and their expectation from government in the form of subsidies to the owners of electric cars, which finally results in their purchase intentions. A descriptive research design is used for this study and the data have been collected from 203 participants from New Zealand. A survey method was used and the questionnaire was developed. The results of the survey indicate that a higher percentage of the respondents are ready to embark on the use of electric cars and the only factor that acts as a constraint in their buying interest is the cost of the car. It is also evident from the results that people are concerned about environmental sustainability and with a little push from the government can convince the people and can initiate their switch to electric cars.
Avdievich, I. V. (2019). Electric cars and their prospects. Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://rep.bntu.by/handle/data/55805Chatham. (2016). ValueWalk: Which electric car is greener: Battery or fuel cell?(2016). Retrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/1840868777?accountid=164702
Carrington, D. (2017, May 15). 38,000 people a year die early because of diesel emissions testing failures. Retrieved October 30, 2020, from https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/15/diesel-emissions-test-scandal-causes-38000-early-deaths-year-study
Cohen, A. (2020, November 10). Plugging into the future: The electric vehicle market Outlook. Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/arielcohen/2020/10/26/plugging-into-the-future-the-electric-vehicle-market-outlook/?sh=733a74298121
Emsenhuber, E.M. (2012). Determinants of the acceptance of electric vehicles: An Empirical Analysis (Unpublished master’s thesis). Aarhus University, Denmar
k.Fyers, A. (2018, December 08). New Zealand's out-sized climate change contribution. Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.stuff.co.nz/environment/climate-news/109053475/new-zealands-outsized-climate-change-contribution
Gautam, D., & Bolia, N. B. (2020). Air pollution: Impact and interventions.Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health,13(2), 209-223.
Gomez Vilchez, J. J., Smyth, A., Kelleher, L., Lu, H., Rohr, C., Harrison, G., & Thiel, C. (2019). Electric car purchase priceas a factor determining consumers’ choice and their views on
incentives in Europe.Sustainability,11(22), 6357.
Guarnieri, M. (2012). Looking back to electric cars. 2012 Third IEEE History of Electro-techology Conference (Histelcon). doi:10.1109/histelcon.2012.6487583
Hawkins, A. (2020, September 22). Tesla's Elon Musk said a $25,000 electric car with next-gen battery in the works. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://www.theverge.com/2020/9/22/21450916/tesla-battery-pack-elon-musk-price-kilowatt-hour-ev-cost-tablessInterfax. (2017).
Economic Policy: Rada exempts Ukrainian electric cars from Vat, excise duties in 2018, annuls vat benefit for electric car taxis, leasing of electric cars. (2017).Interfax: Ukraine Business WeeklyJohnson,
B. (2020, Feb 04). Translated by Content
Engine, LLC. The UK will ban the sale of petrol and diesel cars from 2035.CE Noticias FinancierasRetrieved from https://search.proquest.com/docview/2351382340?accountid=164702
Kable, G. (2020, September 7). BMW to launch nine new electric cars by 2025. Retrieved November 25, 2020, from https://www.autocar.co.uk/car-news/new-cars/bmw-launch-nine-new-electric-cars-2025
Khandakar, A., Rizqullah, A., Ashraf Abdou Berbar, A., Rafi Ahmed, M., Iqbal, A., Chowdhury, M. E., & Uz Zaman, S. M. (2020). A case study to identify the hindrances to widespread adoption of electric vehicles in Qatar.Energies,13(15), 3994.
Khazaei, H., & Tareq, M. A. (2021). Moderating effects of personal innovativeness and driving experience on factors influencing adoption of BEVs in Malaysia: An integrated SEM–BSEM approach.Heliyon,7(9), e08072.
Kim, J., Tanaka, H. S., & Schmöcker, J. D. (2020). Joint car ownership and car type preference model considering engagement in online activities and environmental concern.Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour,68, 293-305.
Lane, C. (2020, January 02). Opinion | Why electric cars still don't live up to the hype. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/why-electric-cars-still-dont-live-up-to-the-hype/2019/12/30/242ce200-2b29-11ea-bcd4-24597950008f_story.html
Leard, B. (2019, September 10). Targeting subsidies to get more electric vehicles on the road. Retrieved December 08, 2020, from https://www.resourcesmag.org/archives/targeting-subsidies-get-more-electric-vehicles-road/
Liu, Y., & Lai, I. K. W. (2020). The Effects of Environmental Policy and the Perception of Electric Motorcycles on the Acceptance of Electric Motorcycles: An Empirical Study in Macau.SAGE Open,10(1), 2158244019899091.
Loveday, S. (2020, August 31). Here are the 11 reasons people don't buy electric cars –and why they're wrong. Retrieved November 05, 2020, from https://cars.usnews.com/cars-trucks/why-people-dont-buy-electric-carsLoveday, S. (2019, September 04). Here's precisely why people avoid electric cars. Retrieved December 08, 2020, from https://insideevs.com/news/366349/top-reasons-people-avoid-evs/
Lloyd, A. C., and Cackette, T. A. (2001). Diesel engines: Environmental impact and control. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association,51(6), 809-847. doi:10.1080/10473289.2001.10464315Metz, M. (2020, October 16). Facts about gasoline -Coltura --Moving
beyond gasoline for climate, health and equity. Retrieved October 30, 2020, from https://www.coltura.org/gasfacts
Mickiewicz, A. (2019, January 21). Sustainability concerns power up electric cars market. Retrieved December 01, 2020, from https://medium.com/@onefourzero/sustainability-concerns-power-up-electric-cars-market-bfe57830a8fbMinistry of Transport. (2019, December). Reducing harmful vehicle emissions from road transport. Retrieved November 12, 2020, from https://www.transport.govt.nz/area-of-interest/environment-and-climate-change/vehicle-emissions/Morthe. (2020, November 12). Everyone loves modern technology and here is how you can get it. Retrieved November 30, 2020, from https://www.facebookportraitproject.com/everyone-loves-modern-technology-and-here-is-how-you-can-get-it/
Murshed, M., & Tanha, M. M. (2020). Oil price shocks and renewable energy transition: Empirical evidence from net oil-importing South Asian economies.Energy, Ecology & Environment, 1.
Nilsson, M. (2011). Electric vehicles: An interview study investigating the phenomenon of range anxiety.Lindholmen Science Park (Sweden), Task 5000, Elvire.
Nunez, C. (2019, May 14). Carbon dioxide levels are at a record high. Here's what you need to know. Retrieved November 11, 2020, from https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/global-warming/greenhouse-gases/O'Lochlainn,
R. (2019). Environmental management challenges with electric vehicle batteries. Retrieved October 10, 2020, from https://www.era-environmental.com/blog/environmental-management-electric-vehicle-batteries
Olson,E. L. (2018). Lead market learning in the development and diffusion of electric vehicles.Journal of Cleaner Production,172,
Pandey, M., & Mohan, M. (2021). A study on customer perception towards purchase intention of electric cars in India. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research, 8(8).Park, E., Lim, J., and Cho, Y. (2018). Understanding the emergence and social acceptance of electric vehicles as next-generation models for the automobile industry. Sustainability,10(3), 662. doi:10.3390/su10030662
Proost, S., and Dender, K. V. (2010). What sustainable road transport future? OECD/ITF Joint Transport Research Centre Discussion Papers. doi:10.1787/5km4q8jnn7q4-en
Rapier, R. (2020, January 20). Environmental implications of lead-acid and lithium-ion batteries. retrieved October 11, 2020, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/rrapier/2020/01/19/environmental-implications-of-lead-acid-and-lithium-ion-batteries/Riley. (2020, September 30). Top 7 disadvantages of electric cars. Retrieved October 10, 2020, from https://autowise.com/top-7-disadvantages-of-electric-cars/
Singh, S. P. (2010). Battery electric vehicles performance, CO 2 emissions, lifecycle costs and advanced battery technology development. Battery Electric Vehicles.Shukla, V.(2021). Electric vehicles in India: current trends and future forecasts.International Journal of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles,13(2), 117-126.
Sovacool, B. K., Abrahamse, W., Zhang, L., & Ren, J. (2019). Pleasure or profit? Surveying the purchasing intentions of potential electric vehicle adopters in China.Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice,124, 69-81.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2019.03.002
Sparrow, A. (2020, August 10). How to reduce the cost of Electric Vehicles?Retrieved December 08, 2020, from https://www.xdinnovation.com/how-to-reduce-the-cost-of-electric-vehicles/
Strang, B. (2020, January 13). New Zealand is one of the best countries to own an electric vehicle in, professor says. Retrieved November 05, 2020,from https://www.rnz.co.nz/news/national/407212/new-zealand-is-one-of-the-best-countries-to-own-an-electric-vehicle-in-professor-saysTagliapietra,
S., & Veugelers, R. (2021). A green industrial policy for Europe.Bruegel-Blogs, Bruegel Blueprint Series,Belgium ISBN: 978-9-078910-50-3
Vliet, O. V., Brouwer, A. S., Kuramochi, T., van Den Broek, M., & Faaij, A. (2011). Energy use, cost and CO2 emissions of electric cars.Journal of power sources,196(4), 2298-2310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2010.09.119
Walls, J. (2020, December 02). All Govt departments now required to buy electric vehicles –Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern. Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/all-govt-departments-now-required-to-buy-electric-vehicles-prime-minister-jacinda-ardern/BQNW3AQ3B7NZVP5MCANP2ILGFY/
Wannan, O. (2020, October 21). Without NZ First, will Labour hit the gas on electric cars? Retrieved November 13, 2020, from https://www.stuff.co.nz/environment/climate-news/123139400/without-nz-first-will-labour-hit-the-gas-on-electric-cars
Warhurst, L. (2019, November 03). The reasons why Kiwis aren't opting for electric vehicles. Retrieved December 05, 2020, from https://www.newshub.co.nz/home/new-zealand/2019/11/the-reasons-why-kiwis-aren-t-opting-for-electric-vehicles.html
Wilsons. (2020, February 25). Electric Vehicle and Hybrid Technology Explained. Retrieved December 06, 2020, from https://www.wilsons.co.uk/electric-vehicles/technology-explained/
Wu, J., Liao, H., Wang, J. W., & Chen, T. (2019). The role of environmental concern in the public acceptance of autonomous electric vehicles: A survey from China.Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour,60, 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trf.2018.09.029
Xu, R. (2021).How using battery electric vehicles influences travel behaviour in New Zealand. (Master dissertation, Lincoln University).
Yan, Q., Qin, G., Zhang, M., & Xiao, B. (2019). Research on Real Purchasing Behavior Analysis of Electric Cars in Beijing Based on Structural Equation Modeling and Multinomial Logit Model.Sustainability,11(20), 5870. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205870.